||Anthony Kiedis (vocals), Michael 'Flea' Balzary (bass), Chad Smith (drums)
Red Hot Chilli Peppers
Formed in 1983 in Los Angeles by four Fairfax High
School classmates, the original incarnation of the Red
Hot Chili Peppers consisted of Anthony Kiedis, Hillel
Slovak, Michael ďFleaĒ Balzary, and Jack Irons. Starting
with small shows in the L.A. area, it didnít take long for
the Chili Peppers to turn heads, as the band signed with
EMI records only seven months after their first public
performance. After going through a revolving door of
band members, the group released their self-titled debut
album in August of 1984. Despite minimal airplay, the
album was largely supported by independent radio
stations and MTV, helping the band gain some notoriety.
Over the course of the 1980ís the band released a
number of records, each of which helped raised the
bandís profile. 1985ís Freaky Styley was produced by
funk legend George Clinton, and was arguably the
jumping off point for what would become the Peppersí
trademark sound. During recording of the bandís
subsequent album, The Uplift Mofo Party Plan, band
members Kiedis and Slovakís ongoing heroin addictions
began to escalate, eventually resulting in Slovakís death
on June 25, 1988. While the loss of Slovak shook the
band to the core, the group eventually decided to carry
on and held auditions for a replacement guitarist.
The Chili Peppers eventually settled on guitar virtuoso
John Frusciante, and their first album after Slovakís
death, Motherís Milk, was their best selling record yet,
reaching number 52 on the Billboard charts. 1991 was a
banner year for the Red Hot Chili Peppers, as they
released by far their most successful and well-known
album, Blood Sugar Sex Magik. Produced by Rick Rubin,
the album has since been certified seven times multi-
platinum, having sold more than 15 million copies. The
instant success of Blood Sugar Sex Magik catapulted the
band into stardom and several Grammy considerations,
which proved to much for Frusciante to handle. The
guitarist left the band in 1992 amidst his own long
struggle with heroin addiction. Throughout the 1990ís
Frusciante was replaced by Janeís Addiction guitarist
By 1998, Frusciante had conquered his heroin addiction
and was invited to rejoin the band. One year later, the
band released the immensely popular album
Californication, which earned a Grammy award for the
single Scar Tissue. Californication would go on to be the
Chili Peppersí best-selling album, with over 16 million
copies sold worldwide.
2002ís By The Way was another smash hit for the band,
and featured a much different sound from previous
material. Whereas the Chili Peppers had made their
name on fast-paced funk rock, By The Way featured a
much slower and melodic theme. Moving forward on the
momentum of By The Way, the 2006 album Stadium
Arcadium became the groupís first album to debut at #1.
Why in 100 Best?
The Red Hot Chili Peppers are a groundbreaking act,
having successfully fused a wide range of styles ranging
from punk rock, funk, rap, and psychedelic rock. Their
unique style has no doubt influenced bands such as Korn,
311, and Rage Against the Machine.
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